Friday, October 22, 2010

arnold schwarzenegger top hollywood star

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (English pronunciation: /ˈʃwɔrtsənɛɡər/, German: [ˈaɐnɔlt ˈalɔʏs ˈʃvaɐtsənˌʔɛɡɐ]; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, model, businessman and politician, who is currently serving as the 38th Governor of California.

Schwarzenegger began weight-training at 15. He was awarded the title of Mr. Universe at age 20 and went on to win the Mr. Olympia contest a total of seven times. Schwarzenegger has remained a prominent face in the sport of bodybuilding long after his retirement, and has written several books and numerous articles on the sport.

Schwarzenegger gained worldwide fame as a Hollywood action film icon, noted for his lead role in such films as Conan the Barbarian and The Terminator. He was nicknamed the "Austrian Oak" and the "Styrian Oak" in his bodybuilding days, "Arnie" during his acting career, and more recently the "Governator" (a portmanteau of "Governor" and "Terminator").[1]

As a Republican, he was first elected on October 7, 2003, in a special recall election to replace then-Governor Gray Davis. Schwarzenegger was sworn in on November 17, 2003, to serve the remainder of Davis's term. Schwarzenegger was then re-elected on November 7, 2006, in California's 2006 gubernatorial election, to serve a full term as governor, defeating Democrat Phil Angelides, who was California State Treasurer at the time. Schwarzenegger was sworn in for his second term on January 5, 2007.[2]

* 1 Early life
o 1.1 Early adulthood
o 1.2 Move to the U.S.
* 2 Bodybuilding career
o 2.1 Strongman
o 2.2 Mr. Olympia
o 2.3 Steroid use
* 3 Acting career
* 4 Political career
o 4.1 Early politics
o 4.2 Governor of California
+ 4.2.1 Amendment of Three Strikes Law
+ 4.2.2 Ethics group named Schwarzenegger one of America's worst governors
o 4.3 Electoral history
o 4.4 Environmental record
* 5 Personal life
o 5.1 Accidents and medical issues
* 6 Business career
o 6.1 Planet Hollywood
o 6.2 Net worth
* 7 Allegations of sexual and personal misconduct
* 8 References
* 9 Bibliography
o 9.1 Interviews
o 9.2 Film
* 10 External links

Early life

Schwarzenegger was born in Thal, Austria, a small village bordering the Styrian capital Graz, and was christened Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger.[3] His parents were the local police chief Gustav Schwarzenegger (1907–1972), and his wife, Aurelia Jadrny (1922–1998). His father served in World War II with the German Army as a Hauptfeldwebel of the Feldgendarmerie and was discharged in 1943 after contracting malaria. They were married on October 20, 1945 – Gustav was 38, and Aurelia was a 23-year-old widow with a son named Meinhard. According to Schwarzenegger, both of his parents were very strict: "Back then in Austria it was a very different world, if we did something bad or we disobeyed our parents, the rod was not spared."[4] He grew up in a Roman Catholic family who attended church service every Sunday.[5][6]

Gustav had a preference for Meinhard, the elder of the two sons.[7] His favoritism was "strong and blatant," which stemmed from unfounded suspicion that Arnold was not his child.[8] Schwarzenegger has said his father had "no patience for listening or understanding your problems... there was a wall; a real wall."[5] Schwarzenegger had a good relationship with his mother and kept in touch with her until her death.[9] In later life, Schwarzenegger commissioned the Simon Wiesenthal Center to research his father's wartime record, which came up with no evidence of atrocities despite Gustav's membership in the Nazi Party and SA.[7] At school, Schwarzenegger was apparently in the middle, but stood out for his "cheerful, good-humored and exuberant" character.[5] Money was a problem in the household; Schwarzenegger has recalled that one of the highlights of his youth was when the family bought a refrigerator.[8]
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